English Language Arts

The New York State Next Generation English Language Arts Learning Standards (Revised 2017) were developed through numerous phases of public comment as well as virtual and face-to-face meetings with committees consisting of NYS educators, teachers of English Language Learners/Multilingual Learners and Students with Disabilities, parents, curriculum specialists, school administrators, college professors, and experts in cognitive research. Step into the rewarding field of education—licensed and well prepared to lead and inspire the next generation. Explore MBU's new online grad program. The discipline of English language arts includes reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing, and producing texts, broadly defined. These texts include various narrative, informational, and literary genres, as well as visual information, both on the written page and in digital mediums.

Language arts (also known as English language arts or ELA) is the study and improvement of the arts of language. Traditionally, the primary divisions in language arts are literature and language, where language in this case refers to both linguistics, and specific languages.[1] Language arts instruction typically consists of a combination of reading, writing (composition), speaking, and listening. In schools, language arts is taught alongside science, mathematics, and social studies.[2]


Reading, by definition, is the ability and knowledge of a language that allows comprehension by grasping the meaning of written or printed characters, words, or sentences. Reading involves a wide variety of print and non-print texts that helps a reader gain an understanding of the material that is being read. Reading of texts that are often included in educational curriculum include fiction, nonfiction, classic, and also contemporary works. Reading goes beyond calling words to understand the information presented in a written or visual context.


Composition is defined as the combination of distinct parts or elements to form a whole and the manner in which these elements are combined or related.[3] The following are examples of composing in language arts:

  • The art or act of composing a literary work (i.e. novels, speeches, poems)
  • A short essay, especially one written as an academic exercise. An essay is a short literary composition on a particular theme or subject, usually in prose and generally analytic, speculative, or interpretative. There are many types of short essays, including:
    • Argumentative essay
    • Cause and effect essay
    • Comparative essay

Compositions may also include:

  • Narrative essays
  • Expository essays
  • Persuasive essays
  • Technical writing essays
  • Research essays


Oration and live delivery are often key components of language arts programs. This can include dramatic interpretation, speeches, oral interpretation of poetry, and the like. Speaking is a valuable way to enhance concepts of persuasion, and develop linguistic skills.[4]



English Language Arts Practice Test

Listening can be considered the basis for development of speaking, reading, and writing skills. It is the act of understanding spoken language, and is often paired with speaking.

See also[edit]


English Language Arts Guidebook

  1. ^'The Road to Middle-Earth', T. A. Shippey
  2. ^'English and Language Arts Teacher'. Retrieved 2017-12-24.
  3. ^'composition'. The Free Dictionary.
  4. ^'Five reasons why speaking English is a great way to learn it'. englishlive.ef.com. Retrieved 2017-12-24.

English Language Arts Clipart

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