Unit 8: Civil Rightsmac's History

1850s and Civil War TEST Project Due RECONSTRUCTION Honors Unit Sheet for Reconstruction - download Academic Unit Sheet - Chapter 12 - download Chapter 12 Reading Sections - 1, 2, 3 Monday, January 6 Life during and after Reconstruction Questions for Activity: Looking into Reconstruction - download Sources. Civil rights leaders staged a massive march in Washington in August of 1963. More than 250,000 people showed up, urging passage of the civil rights bill. After Kennedy was assassinated, President Johnson pushed Congress to act. The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964.

8th Infantry Regiment
Civil War
First German Rifles; Blenker's Rifles


Learning Objective G - Explain how and why the civil rights movements developed and expanded from 1945 to 1960. Learning Objective H - Explain the various military and diplomatic responses to international developments over time. Learning Objective I - Explain the causes and effects of the Vietnam War. Unit 8: The Civil War; Causes, Course, & Effects This unit focuses on the US Civil War. While we only focus on one country now rather than the entire Western hemisphere, we will go into far greater depth looking at the origins of the Civil War and the growing animosity between the North and South. Unit 8 - The Civil Rights Movement Unit 8 - The Civil Rights Movement​ SS.912.a.6.10 - Assess key figures and organizations in shaping the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement. Assess the building of coalitions between African Americans, whites, and other groups in achieving integration and equal rights.

Mustered in: April 23,1861.
Mustered out: April 23,1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, composed of Germans, was organized under State authority and recruited in New York city, and there mustered in the service of the United States for two years, April 23, 1861. It received its numerical designation, May 13, 1861, and, commanded by Col. Louis Blenker, left the State, May 26, 1861.
The regiment served at Washington, D. C., from May, 1861; in the 1st Brigade, 5th Division, Army Northeastern Virginia, from July, 1861; in Blenker's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac, from October 15, 1861; in Stahel's Brigade, Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac, from January, 1862; in 1st Brigade, same division, Mountain Department, from May, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; and in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September, 1862. April 22, 1863, the three years' men were formed in one company — Independent Company, 8th Infantry —and attached to the headquarters of the nth Corps as Provost Guard; they remained on this duty until April 5, 1864, when they were transferred to the 68th Infantry. April 23, 1863, the regiment, commanded by Col. Felix Prince Salm, was honorably discharged and mustered out at Brooks' Station, Va.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 64 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 29 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, I officer, 39 enlisted men; total, 1 officer, 132 enlisted men; aggregate, 133; of whom 20 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.


Colonel Felix Prince Salm received authority, May 11, 1863, to reorganize the 8th Regiment, of infantry, mustered out by reason of expiration of service, for a term of service of three years. This authority was revoked, October 14, 1863, and the men enlisted were assigned to the 178th Infantry.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.
Eighth Infantry.—Cols., Louis Blenker, Julius Stahel, Francis Wutschell, Felix P. Salm; Lieut.-Cols., Julius Stahel, Francis Wutschell, Carl B. Hedterich; Majs., Andrew Lutz, Carl B. Hedterich, Anthony Pokorny. The 8th (the 1st German Rifles) was recruited in New York city, there mustered into the U. S. service on April 23, 1861, for two years, and left for Washington on May 27. At Miller's farm the troops encamped and on July 10 were ordered to move toward Manassas as part of the 2nd brigade, 4th division of the Army of the Potomac. During the battle of Bull Run the 8th was held in reserve and assisted in covering the retreat. The following winter it was quartered at Roach's mills and Hunter's Chapel, Va.; moved to Winchester in March, 1862, and in May joined Gen. Fremont at Petersburg, W. Va. It participated in the pursuit of Gen. Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley, and as part of Blenker's division fought at the battles of Cross Keys and New Market. In the battle of Cross Keys its killed, wounded and missing numbered 220 out of a total of 550 engaged. At Middletown, the 8th was assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 1st corps, Army of Virginia, under Gen. Pope, and with that army took part in the battles of Sulphur springs and the second Bull Run. In September, it became a part of the nth corps and reached Fredericksburg immediately after the battle; camped during the winter at Stafford Court House and Brooks' station, and was mustered out of the service at the latter place on April 23, 1863. The members whose term of service had not expired were formed into one company, the independent company 8th N. Y., and performed guard duty at the corps headquarters until April 5, 1864, when they were assigned to the 68th N. Y. The 8th lost 93 members by death from wounds, and 40 from disease, accident and imprisonment.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

PA.2001.0014Blenker, Louis, Brig. Gen.8th NY Inf, Field & Staff13 x 10.5 cm
PA.2001.0283Civil War encampment8th NY Inf (?)22 x 29.5 cm
PA1999.0014.2333Clapman, Ferris8th NY Inf CDV
PA.2001.0248Members of 8th NY Inf, Civil War. Said to be Surgeon's tent8th NY Inf21 x 28.5 cm
PA.2001.0213Neuberger, B, Pvt?8th NY Inf, Co. D17 x 11.5 cm
PA.1999.0014.1631Salm, Felix Prince, Brig. Gen.8th NY Inf, Field & Staff6cm x 10cm
PA.2000.0580Salm, Felix Prince, Brig. Gen.8th NY Inf, Field & Staff25.5 x 20 cm
PA.2001.0045Stahel, Julius S., Maj. Gen.8th NY Inf, Field & Staff12.5 x 10.5 cm
PA.2001.0297Two soldiers, Ca. 18608th NY Inf, Co. E13.5 x 10.5 cm
PA.1999.0014.2623Unknown Soldier8th NY Inf, Co. H6.2 x 9.5 cm.
PA1999.0014.1850Werrett, Milford C. ?8th NY Inf, C. BCDV
PA.2000.0369William Robinson, Capt.8th NY Inf, Co. I20 x 24.5 cm

Unit 8: Civil Rightsmac's History Textbook

Further reading

Day, James L. Innocence and courage: a study of Chattooga County Civil War veterans, volume number two. [Summerville, GA : James L. Day, 2000.

Morrison, Louis P. Louis Philip Morrison Papers. 1851. Archival material.
The collection contains microfilm and photocopies of correspondence of Morrison, whose parents lived in Galena, Ill., with his wife Rebecca Thacher Morrison of Burlington and Boston, Mass. Letters, 1851-1856, concern Morrison's unsuccessful attempts to establish himself in merchandising in Illinois, Michigan, and Winona, Minn. Civil War letters, 1862-1865, relate to his service with the 8th New York Regiment in northern Virginia.
In the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (#3917-z).

The Star Extra, Tuesday, July 9 - 11 A.m: A Great Sensation! a Flag of Truce from the Enemy!Washington, D.C.?: Star, 1861. Print.
Includes: A sealed letter from Jefferson Davis to President Lincoln arrives! -- An emeute among the Garibaldians! -- Insurbordination [of the First German Rifles of New York for refusing to take a new musket] -- Distressing accident , Rhode Island artillerymen killed and wounded.

Struve, Gustav.. Regiment N.Y. Freiwilliger und Prinz Felix Salm-Salm, von Gustav Struve, ehemal- igen Hauptmann in dem genannten Regimente. Washington, D. C. John F. Niedfeldt, [1862] 7, (l)p.
Book in German.

The Union Army: A Record of the Names of the Volunteer Soldiers Who Take Up Arms for the Defense of the Union. New York: Published by J.F. Haasis, 1800. Print.
Bibliomation, Inc.

Waud, Alfred R. 8th N.Y.V. Rifles.
Year: 1860-1865?
Description: 1 drawing on cream paper : pencil ; 13.8 x 9.1 cm. (sheet)
Located at the Library of Congress in the Civil War drawing collection (DLC)
May be accessed at hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a05544 [link opens new window].

Waud, Alfred R. Pioneers 8th N.Y. German rifles 1861. 1861.
Description: 1 drawing on cream paper : pencil ; 17.5 x 12.3 cm. (sheet)
Located at the Library of Congress in the Civil War drawing collection (DLC)
May be accessed at hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g03919 [link opens new window]
Abstract: Two soldiers, one carrying an axe, the other a raised sword.

Unit 8: Civil Rightsmac's History Timeline

Waud, Alfred R. [Officer of 8th N.Y. German rifles and Band. 1861-1863?
Description: 1 drawing on blue-green paper :; pencil ;; 10.0 x 17.3 cm. (sheet)
Located at the Library of Congress in the Civil War drawing collection (DLC)
Abstract: Two sketches one figure of an officer; the second inscribed; Band.

Waud, Alfred R. [Encampment of 8th New York Volunteers]. 1861.
Description: 1 drawing on tan paper :; pencil ;; 10.2 x 17.5 cm. (sheet)
Located at the Library of Congress in the Civil War drawing collection (DLC)
Note(s): Title devised./ Inscribed below image: 8th N.Y.V. bridge to Stahls [sic] tent./ Formerly Waud no. B-4.

Wisner, Dolphus S. Papers, 1863-1865.
Description: 5 items.
Abstract: Collection consists of a three-volume Civil War diary (536 pp. of text) kept by Wisner from January 1, 1863 to November 13, 1864; a letter from Wisner to his wife in 1865; and a photograph of him in uniform. His stations included Fort Federal Hill, Fort McHenry and Fort Marshall, all near Baltimore, Md. In the diaries, he recorded the day-to-day activities of being a soldier including the routine tasks of drills, dress parades and guard duty. He describes Baltimore (June, 1863) as the city prepared for a Confederate attack. Other topics included the weather, his health, mail, news from the front, prisoner arrivals, and more unusual duties such as collecting taxes for recovery of damages to the Cape Charles Light House, and protecting the ballot box. Some of his other activities included going to the theater, shopping for books, carpentry, and attending meetings of the Sons of Temperance.
Located at Duke University.

Items in the museum collection are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: January 29, 2018
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/infantry/8thInf/8thInfMain.htm

8th Cavalry Regiment
Civil War
Rochester Regiment

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Left the State: November 29, 1861
Mustered out: June 27, 1865

Col. Samuel J. Crooks received authority to recruit this regiment; it was organized for a three years' service, November 14, 1861, at Rochester, where Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, I and K were mustered in the United States service November 23d, and Companies G and H November 28, 1861, only ten companies being organized; Company L having been consolidated into Company G and Company M merged into H, November 14, 1861. A number of the enlisted men of Company K were in December, 1861, transferred to other companies of the regiment, and March 8, 1862, the remaining men were transferred to the 1st Battalion of Artillery, Companies A, B and D, later 29th, 30th and 32d Batteries. A new Company K and Companies L and M were organized in August, September and October, 1862, and mustered in the United States service at Rochester for three years, September 29th, October 15th and 14th, respectively. At the expiration of the term of service of the regiment, those entitled thereto were, October 29, 1864, ordered to Rochester to be discharged and mustered out, and those remaining were, November 1, 1864, consolidated into a battalion of eight companies and retained in service. In this consolidation Companies A, B, C, D and E retained their letters and organization, Company K became Company F, L became G, and M was designated H; the enlisted men of the original Company F were transferred to Company A; those of original G to Companies B, C, D and M, old; those of original H to D and L, old; those of I to Company E, old. On the 30th of April, 1865, new Companies I, K, L and M were formed of recruits, mustered in for one and two years' service, and the regimental organization again completed.

The companies were recruited principally: A at Rochester, Penn Tan, Penfield, Webster and Canandaigua; B at Rochester, Avon, Brighton, Lima, Rush and Honeoye Falls; C at Rochester, Newark, Sodus, Palmyra, Marion and Williamson; D at Rochester, Clyde and Phelps; E at Rochester, -Hartland, Middleport and Royalton; F at Rochester, Albion, Carlton, Kendall and Newark; G at Rochester, Rushville, Seneca Falls, Montezuma and Waterloo; H at Rochester, Brockport, Bergen, Clarkson, Fairport and Hamblin; I at Rochester, Clinton, Penfield, Paris, Deansville, Waterville, Ontario, Webster, North Bay and Walworth; second Company I at Buffalo and Auburn, and K at Rochester, Brockport, Batavia, Norwich, Pitcher, Pharsalia, Sherburne, Spencerport and Webster; second Company K at Rochester; third Company K at Lockport, Canandaigua, Rochester, Buffalo and New York city; Companies L and M at Rochester; second Companies L and M at Rochester, Auburn, Elmira, Canandaigua, Buffalo, Binghamton, Lockport, Oswego and Syracuse.

The regiment left the State November 29, 1861, and served in the defenses of Washington, D. C., from December, 1861; in the Department of the Shenandoah from March, 1862; in the Middle Department, 8th Corps, from June, 1862; in the 5th Brigade, Pleasanton's Division of Cavalry, Army of the Potomac, mounted, from August, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, same division, from December, 1862; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, from February, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, Cavalry, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1864; in the Army of the Shenandoah from October, 1864, and with the Army of the Potomac from March, 1865.

The regiment, commanded by Col. Edmund M. Pope, was mustered out and honorably discharged June 27, 1865, at Alexandria, Va., having lost by death during its service, killed in action, 8 officers, 60 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, 5 officers, 32 enlisted men; died of disease and other causes, 6 officers, 213 enlisted men; total, 19 officers, 305 enlisted men; aggregate, 324, of whom 3 officers and 70 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

Battles and Casualties Table from Phisterer

Unit 8: civil rightsmac

Further Reading
This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to [email protected] with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Bell, Thomas. At Harper's ferry, Va., September 14, 1862. How the cavalry escaped out of the toils. A swift night march including a brief history of the Regiment, from its organization to this thrilling night's work, by Thomas Bell, Brevet Major, Eighth New York cavalry. [Brooklyn: 1900].

Huntington - Hooker Papers.
Size: 16 boxes (145 folders, 4 diaries, 3 scrapbooks)
Abstract: Letters to and from the Huntington-Hooker family members and friends, chiefly personal in nature. Included are letters written by Albert Huntington and Horace Hooker during the Civil War, and their Civil War papers and documents.
Located at University of Rochester.
Thank you to Patrick Fultz for pointing out this resource.

Murray, Sharon. Benjamin Franklin 'Grimes' Davis: Some Family Secrets Revealed.

Unit 8: Civil Rightsmac's History Dbq

Norton, Henry. A sketch of the 8th cavalry, unwritten history of the rebellion, by Henry Norton, a member of Company H, 8th N.Y. cavalry. 1888.

Norton, Henry. Deeds of daring; or, history of the Eighth N.Y. volunteer cavalry, containing a complete record of the battles, skirmishes, marches, etc., that the gallant Eighth New York cavalry participated in, from its organization in November, 1861, to the close of the rebellion in 1865. Compiled and edited by Henry Norton. Norwich, NY: Chenango Telegraph printhouse, 1889.

Owen, Myron. Myron Owen diary, 1864
Myron Owen served with the 8th New York Cavalry Regiment and joined the Army of the Potomac. He served the quartermaster, managing supplies of forage for the horses. He was present at the battles of Harper's Ferry, Antietam, Chancellorsville and Rich Mountain.
Located at University of Iowa. Libraries. Special Collections Dept.

Pope, Edmund Mann. 'Personal experience, a side light on the Wilson raid, June, 1864, by Brevet-Brigadier-General Edmund M. Pope.' MOLLUS-NY IV 585-604.

Van Dusen, Charles Theron. Van Dusen Civil War Diary.
A transcription of the diary kept by Charles Theron Van Dusen during the Civil War. The Van Dusen’s are among the earliest families to have settled in New York City.
Available online through the New York Times:
Resource submitted by Patrick Fultz.

Unit 8: Civil Rightsmac's History War

Wert, Jeffry D. 'Dark Passage Through Rebel Lines.' Military History. June 1985, 27-32.

Items the museum owns are in bold.

New York State Division of Military and Naval Affairs: Military History
Last modified: June 24, 2019
URL: http://www.dmna.state.ny.us/historic/reghist/civil/cavalry/8thCav/8thCavMain.htm