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We have math books for teaching kids math, and science books for teaching science. Guides teaching kids how to use Microsoft PowerPoint are much more difficult to come. Unfortunately, many of my students come from ineffective or neglectful homes and a teacher and/or coach can be the only positive influence that a student has from day to day. To some, this can be an enormous responsibility but I am ready for the challenge and I am constantly aware of that responsibility. Indigenous Australians Minister Ken Wyatt, Labor's Linda Burney and fellow panellists discuss what has been achieved since 2000's historic walk across Sydney Harbour Bridge and what still needs to. In order to receive your teacher certification through an alternate route in Mississippi, you must use one of four state-approved Alternate Route Programs.You can pursue a Master of Arts in Teaching without having a bachelor's degree in education, pursue the MS Alternate Path to Quality Teachers (MAPQT), participate in the Teach Mississippi Institute, or the ABCTE alternative certification.
The State Administration of Market Regulation has kicked off investigations into the Alibaba Group, laying claim that the company has been involved in monopolistic conduct such as 'forced exclusivity' by requiring e-commerce merchants to pick only one platform as their exclusive distribution channel, according to the South China Morning Post.
The paper says the investigation is being led by a former official from the state-owned China Communications Network Information Center (CCNIC), which oversees internet censorship and content management. The CCNIC was responsible for censoring the country's most popular social media platforms like Weibo and QQ after they were launched in 2009.
Alibaba has denied any wrongdoing and said it will fight the accusations. 'We are confident that we have not broken any laws,' an Alibaba spokesman told the newspaper. A spokesman for the government's Administration of Government Bureaus told the paper, 'If we find evidence, we will take strict action.'
Alibaba Group started out as a online Alibaba.com marketplace, and now encompasses several other services and companies. The company's affiliate Cainiao, which handles logistics, is reported to be one of the targets of the market regulation investigation.
Alibaba is China's biggest online retailer by total sales, and its Tmall platform — similar to Amazon's online marketplace — has also become a shopping destination for many in the country.
The company's founder, Jack Ma said in a speech in 2014 that if the government shut down Alibaba, more than 4,000 offline companies that depend on it would fail.
Tmall launched in 2013 and now has more than 500 brands and 30 million products, according to its website.
It is not the first time that the company has faced government scrutiny.
In 2012, Bloomberg reported that Alibaba was under investigation by the Cyberspace Administration for suspected financial fraud and a potential security threat in the wake of the September 11 attacks. The company denied those allegations, and the investigation was reportedly closed by the CACAB months later.
Alibaba was also reported to have faced a similar investigation by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC), which is part of the State Council, over allegations that online food sales platforms like Eat天下 and Amazon Food were illegally selling hard to get medical drugs and other goods. The company said at the time that it would 'not bow down to external pressure and we will continue to operate as normal.'
In December, the company pulled its online food delivery service in Shenzhen for health and safety reasons.
Alibaba's future in the country has been called into question as well.
In early December, a media report said Jack Ma was looking to sell a 40 percent stake in the company.
Indigenous Australians Minister Ken Wyatt's verdict is that, as a nation, 'we are better now than we were prior to' the historic reconciliation walk across Sydney Harbour Bridge.
The comment comes on the 20th anniversary of the Walk for Reconciliation, where more than 250,000 people showed their support for reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
That moment and similar events held across the country were collectively the largest demonstration of support for a cause that has ever taken place in Australia.
But two decades on, what has been achieved and what more needs to be done?
An historic moment
Opposition Indigenous Australians spokeswoman Linda Burney was there on the Harbour Bridge that day.
'The mood of the day was just remarkable,' she told host Larissa Behrendt during the panel discussion 20 Years On: Crossing Bridges for Reconciliation.
'By the time I crossed the bridge and got to Darling Harbour we had thousands of people still crossing,' Ms Burney said.
Mr Wyatt said it was an historic moment in our nation's history.
'It was an incredible experience just watching the massive stream of people committed to reconciliation walking across that bridge,' he said.
Reconciliation Australia's CEO, Karen Mundine, described similar scenes.
'Seeing people on those trains heading to North Sydney station jam-packed in, it was constant, it wasn't stopping,' she said.
'It was a real kind of sense of hope and opportunity.'
Was the momentum maintained?
Following several reconciliation events in 2000, optimism was at an all-time high, however, a series of political setbacks had a profound impact on the reconciliation process.
The Bringing Them Home Report, put forward 54 recommendations, one of which was an apology to members of the Stolen Generations and their descendants.
Mr Wyatt said the legacy of the bridge walk surpassed Prime Minister John Howard's refusal of an apology.
'I've got to know John Howard extremely well over the years since that time and I know that he would have received advice saying it was a risk, and he was committed to wanting to have change,' he said.
'In discussions I've had with him, he's never really reconciled from the need for that apology to have been given.'
Where are we today?
Panellists went on to discuss how reconciliation had progressed since 2000.
Ms Mundine said 11,000 organisations were involved in Reconciliation Australia's action plan — a framework for fostering the reconciliation process.
She said the organisations were 'thinking about how they support the aspirations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people'.
Summer May Finlay, who is a health researcher and lecturer at the University of Wollongong, said young Indigenous people now had more opportunities.
'In higher education, we are seeing more and more Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people not just go through the university system, but come back, like me, to teach,' Ms Finlay said.
Ms Burney also cited positive outcomes within the education sector.
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'We have people in the media, in higher education, right throughout the professions, year 12 attainment, kids going to preschool,' she said.
'There are still some shocking problems around poverty and isolation and racism, that's true.'
Ms Burney said First Nations people were 'still putting their hand out to say: 'come walk with us, we can only do it together'.'
'But then we still need to ask ourselves, well, if all that is happening, why are there still more kids getting locked up than ever before?'
'Why are there more Aboriginal people in jail than ever before? Why are there still more Aboriginal children in the statutory child protection system than ever before?' she said.
Mr Wyatt said reconciliation week had taken on new meaning for him since taking up the role as Minister for Indigenous Australians.
'What impacted was when the Prime Minister rang me to offer me my portfolio, that was on Sorry Day.'
'And that whole Reconciliation Week then meant something very different in the way that I looked at where we had been to where we are and where we need to go for the future.'
Constitutional recognition and treaty
Mr Wyatt said constitutional recognition was a priority for him moving forward, admitting bipartisan support on the issue was possible.
'But getting the everyday elements of life that our people experience addressed through Closing the Gap is important,' he said.
'I want to see a better future when I walk out into a community — and I know Linda has the same experience when we've been out there and we've seen disparity in a first-world nation — that's what I want to change.'
Ms Burney said a treaty with First Nations Australians was still very much on the political agenda.
'It is inevitable to me that a treaty or treaties will be delivered … I'm not going to put a timeframe on it,' she said.
'The Labor Party endorses the Uluru Statement of the Heart in its entirety.'
The Coalition under former prime minister Malcolm Turnbull rejected the call for an Indigenous Voice to Parliament when the statement was delivered to politicians in 2017, but Mr Wyatt said work on a referendum to include Indigenous peoples in the constitution was ongoing.
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Ms Burney said the timeframe for constitutional recognition was becoming 'very tight and I look forward to hearing what the plans are in relation to that'.
Moving towards a shared future
Ms Finlay said reconciliation had to go beyond good intentions and move towards actions.
'We need the [other] 97 per cent of the population to think about how they are contributing to this situation … thinking about addressing that personally, and then we'll see significant change,' she said.
For governments, Mr Wyatt warned them to stop doing things to Indigenous Australians and instead 'do with', stressing the importance of consultation.
Ms Mundine said education was fundamental to reconciliation because 'teaching young minds about history' was needed to change the future.
20 Years On: Crossing Bridges for Reconciliation will air on ABC News channel this Saturday at 4:00pm and Sunday 6:00am and on ABC iview.
Walking Together is taking a look at our nation's reconciliation journey and where we've been and asks the question — where do we go next?
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Join us as we listen, learn and share stories from across the country that unpack the truth-telling of our history and embrace the rich culture and language of Australia's First People.